The Austrian Imperial Crown was created in Prague in 1602 for the Habsburg Emperor Rudolph II and remains to this day one of the most stunning works of the great Bohemian goldsmith, Jan Vermeyen.
It is comprised of three major parts. The base circle with the fleur-de-lis form the traditional royal crown. The golden mitre rises from within the crown recalling the shape of a bishop’s mitre and the traditional Habsburg ties to the Catholic Church as Holy Roman Emperors. Lastly, a high arch courses through the center from front to back, topped by a blue-gree emerald, symbolizing heaven and the divine right to rule.
The Crown is made of pure gold, partially enamelled and studded with diamonds, rubies, spinel rubies, sapphires, pearls, and cushioned with velvet.