Inca Gold: Spanish Exploration and Colonization

Francisco Pizzaro and his brothers (Gonzalo, Juan, and Hernando ) heard of a fabulous riches in the Inca kingdom. They were migrants from Extremadura. An impoverished area of Spain. In 1529 Francisco obtained permission the Spanish monarchy to conquer the land they knew as Peru. Peru was already being devastated by smallpox. Introduced by the Spanish during earlier explorations.

Francisco Pizarro arrived in Peru in 1532 but this was not the Peru he had come to known. Much had changed in just five years. The city of Tumbes was in ruins. Two local boys whom the Spaniards had taught Spanish in order to translate for him shared the story of civil war and disease that had been destroying the Inca Empire. It took Francisco and his brothers 4 expeditions to establish a settlement in northern Peru. This settlement was named San Miguel de Piura in July 1532.

To be continued…

Works cited: