Goldstone

 

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Here’s some good advice: Keep calm and carry the Goldstone crystal to ensure a golden future. Because let’s be realistic—the mysterious abyss of the unknown–also known as the future–can be a daunting aspect. Known as the ‘ambition’ stone, the Goldstone crystal meaning is linked with boosting your drive and confidence, the essential mindset for paving the way for all your dreams to come true, regardless of how crazy or wild. Like a cheerleader for the soul, the Goldstone crystal is a special stone that gets its shimmery appearance from Quartz and sand glass that’s been infused with copper particles, giving it a signature glistening luster. The heavenly sparkles remind us that light can always be found in the darkness. We all walk in the shadows from time to time but Goldstone shows us how to turn on our own inner light of radiance and joy.

Goldstone Meaning & Healing Properties

The message of the Goldstone crystal stone meaning is that sometimes you have to lose your mind to find yourself. A protective warrior stone, the Goldstone crystal helps you get out of your head and back down to earth. This powerful grounding stone is a must-have for those moments when you feel overwhelmed by toxic emotions and negative thought patterns. Regardless of the chaos going on in your head, hold tight to the Goldstone and immediately feel a strong connection to the earth and is healing vibrations. When you start to feel its grounding effects, notice its silky feel and deep luster that resonates with a dark blue night sky studded with stars. Deepen its healing powers even more by holding a stone in each hand, which helps to balance the chakras and restore harmony to the mind-body-spirit. Keep the fire in your heart burning long and bright with the glittery sheen of Goldstone.

Being grounded also helps restore balance and harmony to the sacral chakra, the energy center that contains your deepest passions. Let this fiery cauldron of creativity and sensuality reawaken when you access the inspirational qualities of the Goldstone crystal stone meaning. A powerful cocktail for boosting your creative energy is Goldstone combined with other power stones from the golden and orange color ray, including CarnelianTiger’s EyeAmber, and Orange Calcite. Keep this healing creativity grid in your office or studio so you can always harness its inspirational energy. To magnify its healing power, set an intention for your stone, which it will store for you to call on later when you need its guidance and support.

Goldstone Meaning

The Goldstone crystal meaning is shrouded in mystery and legendary folklore that can be traced back to the Miotti family of Venice in the seventeenth century. This Italian family of glassmakers perfected the technique of creating a special kind of treated glass resulting in Goldstone. Another legend traces its origins to medieval times and an obscure monastic order, giving it the name Monk’s Gold. The Miotti family kept their technique secret for hundreds of years until an Italian glassmaker named Pietro Bigaglia brought it to the mainstream in the 19th century. Today, its sparkling microscopic copper spheres look even more stunning when smoothed and polished into beads for jewelry making. The Goldstone crystal is often included with other stones in healing bracelets and necklaces, an excellent way to have constant access to its grounding and protective healing properties.

Goldstone Properties

Goldstone is a warrior crystal that guards against negative energy. But it doesn’t just propel toxic psychic debris. It also returns it to its origins. A powerful medicine, use the protective vibes of Goldstone to feel safely and securely anchored to the earth. Goldstone crystal healing properties are powerful because its energy works to restore balance to the sacral chakra, the energy center linked with your powerful inner force of creativity and insight. Call on the Goldstone crystal properties when you want a break from reality because this mineral is a gem when it comes to higher states of consciousness. Spend time in peaceful contemplation with the Goldstone crystal and let it bridge the gap between the physical world and the spirit realm.

Its glittery sheen resembles the heavens, making it a uniquely attractive stone in the world of crystals. If you find yourself drawn to its ethereal aesthetic, it could be a sign that you’re ready to step out of the everyday and into a new spirit world that exists in another dimension. Go deep with the Goldstone crystal healing properties by incorporating it into your daily meditation practice. Use it as your spirit guide on your journey into the depths of space, its microcrystalline particles glistening in the darkness like far off galaxies and constellations.

Keep Goldstone in your gem collection and always remember that the brightest stars can only be seen in the darkest skies.

Ametrine Quartz Crystals…

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Ametrine is a mixture of Amethyst and Citrine, both varieties of quartz crystal.

It carries the energy of both of these stones, and is a harmonious blend of their energies.

This lovely stone embodies the energy of the above crystals, to enhance mental and spiritual clarity, while uniting masculine and feminine energies.

As it is a type of quartz it will amplify the energy of the vibration of both of the stones that it is made up of.

Its healing energy releases negativity from within the aura, and it aids weight loss and helps you to release your addictions.

If are studying, the Citrine energy within this stone helps you to stay focused, as well as using the Amethyst vibration within it, the higher energies of the crown chakra, for inspiration.

The name of this crystal relates to a merging of the words Amethyst and Citrine, as this stone is alike both, and embodies the vibration of both of these quartz crystals.

This crystal is usually transparent, and its color is an interesting mixture of the golden yellow color of Citrine blended with the lovely purple color of Amethyst Crystals.

Natural Ametrine specimens exhibit varying attributes of the two stones, in differing color combinations, some with more purple and others with lovely golden patterns through them.

It is fairly easy to find these stones, even though they are not as widespread as either Yellow Citrine or Purple Amethyst Crystals. Most sources come from South America, from Brazil, Uruguay and Bolivia.

Ametrine is a quartz crystal variety, so like all quartz, is a strong amplifier of energy. They have within them the vibration of Citrine Crystals, which is the energy of the solar plexus chakra and the ‘will’.

When you combine this vibration with the ‘knowing’ from the crown chakra via the Amethyst Crystals energy, the resulting mixture is a powerful energetic vibration.

Yet the energy of this crystal is altogether different to either of the other stones. Ametrine crystals provide a connection between the higher energies of the crown, and the energy of the physical, from the solar plexus chakra.

This connection will aid you to bring your thinking from the physical day to day realm, into the spiritual realm.

This will enhance mental and spiritual clarity, as well as uniting masculine and feminine energies.

Wearing Ametrine jewelry may be helpful to you, and may provide you with ways to let go of stress, as they help to create peace and inner harmony.

It is an extremely useful tool for those in the healing profession to utilize. As well it  is also very helpful for the average person to use, to work on themselves at home.

If you are working on losing weight, the energy of one of these quartz crystals will aid you, as they are crystals that aid weight loss.

Like Amethyst crystals they are useful if you have addictions, as they will help you to let go of the compulsions associated with them.

It will clear stress and tension from the head, and will bring excess energy down into the physical for use or release.

Its Citrine energy will enhance your will, and the Amethyst vibration helps you to break self-defeating habits, that may be holding you back.

Their energy is also said to alleviate depression, anxiety and stress.

The Citrine Crystal vibration helps you to boost your creativity, and its connection with the crown, the highest chakra in the body may assist psychic artists in their work.

Learn an easy way to meditate, as via its action in meditation, it will aid you to link to the spiritual realms. Use it to do a daily crystal meditation. Once you have connected to its energy, keep this crystal on you all day, as it will aid you overall in your life.

Using this crystal to make a spiritual connection is powerful, as once a connection is made it will align the solar plexus with the crown chakra.

This may help you to enhance both your mental and spiritual clarity, and plan to live life from a perspective of Divine Will.

It is easy to buy jewelry made from this stone including lovely pendants.

It is easy and useful to keep a piece of this crystal within your aura, for as long as possible during each day.

It often has quite striking golden yellow colors within the purple, and these stones are very attractive and have excellent metaphysical properties.

These lovely stones are on the list of zodiac birthstones, and wearing an Ametrine pendant or a lovely ring made from one of these stone, is one way to keep this lovely crystal within your aura.

Introduction to the Meaning and Uses of Amethyst

 

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Purple Amethyst has been highly esteemed throughout the ages for its stunning beauty and legendary powers to stimulate, and soothe, the mind and emotions. It is a semi-precious stone in today’s classifications, but to the ancients it was a “Gem of Fire,” a Precious Stone worth, at times in history, as much as a Diamond. It has always been associated with February, the month the Romans dedicated to Neptune, their water-god, and is the traditional birthstone of that month. It is the stone of St. Valentine and faithful love, and signifies ecclesiastical dignity as the Bishop’s Stone. It carries the energy of fire and passion, creativity and spirituality, yet bears the logic of temperance and sobriety.

Whether its crystals are left natural, polished as tumblestones, or faceted into magnificent jewels, Amethyst is a gem whose beauty transcends its commonality. It is a variety of Quartz found in many locations around the world, and forms as transparent, terminated crystals of all sizes in geodes, clusters and as long single terminations. It is also found in vitreous masses and polished into wonderful specimens and personal talismans. The presence of manganese in clear Quartz produces Amethyst, while additional amounts of iron vary the purple coloration. Amethyst ranges in hue from pale red-violet to deep violet, and may be transparent or opaque. It is sometimes layered with white Quartz as Chevron Amethyst, found in combination with Cacoxenite, mixed with Citrine as Ametrine, or in rare cases, “rutilated” with Goethite.

The name Amethyst derives from the Greek word ametusthos, meaning “not intoxicated,” and comes from an ancient legend. The wine god Bacchus, angry over an insult and determined to avenge himself decreed the first person he should meet would be devoured by his tigers. The unfortunate mortal happened to be a beautiful maiden named Amethyst on her way to worship at the shrine of Diana. As the ferocious beasts sprang, she sought the protection of the goddess and was saved by being turned into a clear, white crystal. Bacchus, regretting his cruelty, poured the juice of his grapes over the stone as an offering, giving the gem its lovely purple hue.

Throughout history the special virtue of Amethyst has been that of preventing drunkenness and overindulgence. Ancient Greeks and Romans routinely studded their goblets with Amethyst believing wine drunk from an Amethyst cup was powerless to intoxicate, and a stone worn on the body, especially at the navel, had a sobering effect, not only for inebriation but in over-zealousness in passion. Catholic bishops also wore Amethyst in a ring to protect from mystical intoxication. Kissing the ring kept others from similar mystical intoxication and kept them grounded in spiritual thought.

Amethyst was also reputed to control evil thoughts, increase intelligence and render men shrewd in business matters. For travelers it was worn as a protection from treachery and surprise attacks, kept soldiers from harm and gave them victory over their enemies. It lent assistance to hunters in the capture of wild beasts and fowl, and was considered to be a powerful psychic stone of protection against witchcraft and black magic. Like other royal stones it protected its wearer from disease and contagion.

In the spiritual world, Amethyst provided a connection to the Divine. To the Hebrews, it was Ahlamah, the ninth stone in the breastplate of the High Priest, engraved with the tribe of Dan, as well as the twelfth foundation stone for the New Jerusalem. To the Egyptians, it was Hemag, listed in the Book of the Dead to be carved into heart-shaped amulets for burial. In Eastern cultures, it was listed in descriptions of sacred “gem-cities,” “trees of life,” and used in temple offerings for worship, and to align planetary and astrological influences. It was popular in rosaries and prayer beads, credited with creating an atmosphere of pious calm, imbuing a sense of mental peace and quietude. 

In today’s world, Amethyst is still a remarkable stone of spirituality and contentment, known for its metaphysical abilities to still the mind and inspire an enhanced meditative state. Its inherent high frequency purifies the aura of any negative energy or attachments, and creates a protective shield of Light around the body, allowing one to remain clear and centered while opening to spiritual direction. Amethyst stimulates the Third Eye, Crown and Etheric Chakras enhancing cognitive perception as well as accelerating the development of intuitive and psychic ability. It initiates wisdom and greater understanding, and is a stone of comfort for those grieving the loss of a loved one. 

Amethyst’s ability to expand the higher mind also enhances one’s creativity and passion. It strengthens the imagination and intuition, and refines the thinking processes. It helps in the assimilation of new ideas, putting thought into action, and brings projects to fruition. It is a talisman of focus and success.

In nature, Amethyst at times forms in combination with other minerals. In addition to the properties of Amethyst outlined in this article, the following varieties possess additional qualities.

Brandberg Amethyst is a unique and extraordinary blend of Amethyst, Clear and Smoky Quartz together in one exceedingly high-vibrational crystal. It is found only in Namibia, Africa, and is imbued with remarkable phantoms, enhydros, and other rare formations and inclusions. It attunes to pure consciousness and is a potent talisman of healing and perfection with the capacity to restore one back to their etheric blueprint in order to realign with the Divine Source.

Chevron Amethyst displays v-shaped chevrons of deep purple and white Quartz that “seep” into beautiful layers. It is one of the finest Third-Eye stones for stimulating vision within the self as well as the physical world, filtering the life force from the cosmos via the Crown in its white layers and opening up spiritual and psychic channels through the purple. It has a strong, focused energy for dissipating and repelling negativity, and is the perfect crystal for learning any form of spiritual healing. Hold one in each hand for powerful but safe out-of-body travel, shamanic journeying or pathworking, and between the hands while praying or reciting mantras.

Cacoxenite in Amethyst mingles dark brown to yellow tufts of Cacoxenite, a phosphate mineral and major component in the Super Seven crystal, with the host crystal Amethyst. This combination brings a high level of creativity and new ideas to humanity by fostering thoughts that have never been thought of before. It is a calming stone, good in times of upheaval, and raises spiritual awareness of the creator essence in the beauty of nature and the kindness in people. Carry on the night of the crescent and full moon to transfer healing energy to the Earth and create an ethereal connection between all of the universe.

Ametrine is a combination of Amethyst and Citrine within the same crystal, a harmonious blend of the two energies. It brings spirituality into harmony with the intellect and inspires a profound flow of creativity, new ideas and insights. It is a remarkable healing stone, removing pain and tension while bringing energy and a sense of well-being to the mind and body. It brings greater focus in meditation, protection in astral travel and is a gateway crystal for opening angelic or spirit guide contact. Leave in natural light from noon on the day of a full moon and through the night to catch lunar rays then carry on the person to bring luck in money ventures. 

“Rutilated” Amethyst is a rare form of Amethyst which appears to contain Rutile, but actually contains brownish crystals of Goethite, an iron hydroxide mineral also found in the Super Seven crystal. Goethite is a stone for finding the link between the deep self and Earth, and together with Amethyst clears the Earth and Base Chakras, aligning the whole chakra system to the higher mind. It purifies the emotional body and is particularly helpful in grief work. It facilitates clairaudience, communion with angels, and connections with other worlds. To program as a wishing stone or with intentions, messages, and prayers, simply hold the stone with the intent in mind.

Amethyst is an exceptional crystal for wearing on the body, for use in healing rituals, and for enhancing one’s environment. It has been known to fade in direct sunlight and care should be taken. It is also good to clear its energies from time to time by holding the stone under running water for a short period while affirming that the stone be cleared. Keep unpolished Amethyst near other crystals to recharge them.

Flowers By Month Explanation

 

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Each month has a flower that symbolizes the month of somebody’s birth. The characteristics that the flower has may be “inherited” by whomever is born in that certain month person. Every month has a flower that is sometimes referred to as a Birth Month Flower.

Flowers by month is a term describing flowers related to a recipient’s birth month, and in general flowers associated with particular months of the year. It is one of a class of specialized categorizations offered by florists.

In a cultural sense, flower characteristics such as appearance, color, and scent, have relevance as gifts. It is believed that it was the Romans who started celebrating birth and birthdays using flowers. Seasonal flowers were used not just for decoration, but also taken as gifts and therefore can probably be credited with the tradition of birth flowers. Some have been inspired by this tradition to create lists that associate a birthday flower with each of the days in a year.

Enumerated below are flowers of the month and their special meanings which are associated with specific months. It would be a helpful guide for gifting flowers for someone’s birthday. The language of flowers was introduced to England in the early 18th century by Mary Wortley, Lady Montague, whose husband was Ambassador to Turkey.

January: In the north of the northern hemisphere, January is a cold and gloomy month, but in non-frozen areas, many flowers will bloom in the cool weather, and carnation is one of them. The flower associated with the month is Carnation and is said to symbolise love, fascination and distinction. Carnation, which is also commonly called Gillyflower, is found in a number of colors from pink to red-purple.

February: This month is associated with St. Valentine’s Day and red roses. However, the flower for the month is Violet. The flower symbolises faithfulness, humility and chastity. Gifting violets in the Victorian era conveyed the message ‘I’ll always be true’. The flower is found in shades of blue, mauve as well as yellow and cream. One must remember that an older English name for the plant is “heartease.”

March: This month is synonymous with the onset of spring (in the Northern Hemisphere). Accordingly, the flower associated with this month is Daffodil also known as Jonquil or Narcissus. The colours of the bloom include white, yellow and orange. A gift of these flowers conveys the hidden meaning of friendship and happiness.

April: This month is associated with Sweet pea flower which bloom in a wide range of soft colors as well as two tone colors. It is said to symbolize pleasure or good-bye. In the Victorian era, these flowers formed a part of the bouquet which was sent to someone to convey gratefulness.

May: The month of May is associated with the Lily of the valley flower. It is generally white in colour. The flower conveys sweetness and humility. In the Victorian era, it was gifted to convey the romantic message ‘you have made my life complete’.

June: Rose is the flower of this month. Though roses are available in many colors from red to pink to white to yellow, all with their own special meanings, the underlying message the flowers convey is that of love and passion.

July: Larkspur is the flower for July. With its simple form, feelings of open heart and ardent attachment are attributed to it.

August: The flower for this month is the Gladiolus. It blooms in a variety of colours like red, pink, white, yellow and orange. It stands for sincerity and symbolises strength of character.

September: Aster or September flower is the flower for this month. It is found in a number of colours – pink, red, white, lilac and mauve. The name of the flower which looks like a star is derived from the Greek word for star. The flower symbolises love, faithwisdom and colour.

October: Marigold or Calendula is the flower associated with October. For the Hindus, the month of October is associated with festivals like Dusshera and Diwali and Marigold, although a relatively recent introduced flower from the New World, has come to be an auspicious flower is part of religious ceremonies. However, in the English culture, marigold stands for sorrow and sympathy, perhaps derivative of its original symbolic association with death in the traditions of Mexico, as in the Day of the Dead, parallel to the Lily in Europe.

November: Chrysanthemum, which stands for cheerfulness and love, is associated with the month of November. According to Feng Shui, Chrysanthemums bring happiness and laughter in the house.

December: Poinsettia. These flowers are typically associated with Christmas. While considered by the ancient Aztecs to be symbols of purity, in today’s language of flowers, red, white or pink poinsettias, the December birth flower, symbolize good cheer and success and are said to bring wishes of mirth and celebration.

PALLADIUM VS PLATINUM & WHITE GOLD!

 

Palladium, Platinum and White Gold - Metal Illustration

Take a strong hard look onto the four beautiful yellow diamond engagement rings here above – can you tell which is made of platinum, which made of white gold or even palladium?

Palladium, Platinum or White Gold?

The beautiful stone that’s displayed on top of your finger is the primary focus of every engagement ring. However, the color, weight and quality of the band on which it rests are other important factors to consider when choosing a ring that follows you through eternity. The choices of quality metal are seemingly limitless, and certain options that appear similar to the untrained eye are actually very different. Before you decide on a band, you must know the differences between some of the most popular wedding band metals: palladium, white gold and platinum.

What is Palladium?

One of the world’s rarest metals, palladium makes for a special wedding band that’s high in quality and, relatively speaking, lower in price than other high-quality metals. With the increase in the price of gold and platinum, palladium is one of the best choices for those with a lower budget who don’t want to sacrifice quality or beauty.

The metal is similar to platinum in that it’s hypo-allergenic and keeps well over time. Like the love shared between a married couple, it’s strong and never tarnishes over the years. It doesn’t require plating or other metals for protection – it will naturally stay white without regular maintenance and care. While it’s in the same group as platinum and looks very similar, it’s much lighter than its sister metal which is good for pricing but might feel weird for some (and great for others).

The popularity of palladium in engagement rings has recently soared – in fact, many are questioning whether it is becoming the new platinum.

It was officially recognized as a precious metal in January 2010, and it’s now a legal requirement that any palladium ring that weighs more than 1 gram is hallmarked. It’s even been said that palladium is rarer than gold.

The Cons of Palladium: Still rare and hard to find. Not all jewelers and craftsman are experienced working with it and therefore the existing amount of designs made in Palladium is very limited and those that are able to do custom made rings are also limited (not all designs can be made in palladium). Repairing it (including resizing) is problematic and even if possible will probably leave a mark.

White Gold

Since gold is typically a yellow color, other metals are needed to create a white finish. Palladium is actually one of the alloys used to change the hue of the metal, in addition to silver, copper, nickel and zinc, which work together to make it especially strong and durable. It’s also quite resistant to rust and corrosion.

While the end result may appear silver, there will always be a slight golden glimmer in white gold wedding bands. It’s available in a variety of carats, which allows for a beautiful metal no matter what your budget. Prices and styles vary based on the metals used to produce the white shade and the percentages of each one.

Beautiful and original, white metal is a natural element, which makes it more prone to damage from harsh chemicals. Those with the unique bands must take extra care when using household cleaning products, and should regularly wash their rings to ensure optimal shine and quality. With proper care, this metal is personal and long lasting.

Platinum

As the top-of-the-line metal for engagement bands, platinum is the leader in beauty and quality. It’s the most durable, as well as the heaviest and most expensive option on the market. It never wears out and only needs period gentle washing with soap and water to keep it shiny and bright. The white metal accentuates any stone you choose, and work particularly well with blue and pink diamonds.

As the rarest of the metals, platinum is one of the most popular choices for engagement rings. While it’s also the most expensive of the options, some designs may not cost much more than a higher end white gold, depending on weight and intricacies. It requires less maintenance than both white gold and palladium, and is the brightest white of all the metals.

Why is Platinum so much more expensive than Palladium and Gold?

As can be seen, today, Gold and Platinum are pretty near in pricing and when gold was in the $1,600+ it even passed the platinum (for a short time for a short amount) whereas in the past the spreads were enormous.

At times, when gold was in the area of $1,000 per oz platinum was in the $2,000 area.

For proportions, keep in mind that during July of 2014 Palladium has hit its 13 years high at $872.90 (during that moment Platinum was around $1500). But, if now the prices are so close to each other, how come platinum bands & rings still costs 2-3 times more than gold and palladium?

The sum of the parts is greater than the whole! The price of the band is not made only from the price of the material. Platinum is by far heavier than gold, around 60%. Meaning that if a gold ring would have weighed around 5gr of gold, then it would have weighed approximately 8 gr in platinum.Platinum jewelry is consisted of nearly pure platinum. When you craft gold jewelry you usually make it from 14k gold or 18k gold. The meaning is percentage of gold within the alloy. 14k gold is 14 out of 24 which means 58% gold (same logic for 18 which makes it 75%). This is the part you pay for… the rest is not really calculated. Palladium is also pure (approximately 95%). However, as mentioned above, the same ring would weigh much less in palladium than platinum, combine the fact that the material is cheaper… and the result is cheaper.Platinum manufacturing process is more complex than gold which adds labor costs.

PLATINUM

Platinum is a chemical element with symbol Pt and atomic number 78. It is a densemalleableductile, highly unreactive, precious, silverish-white transition metal. Its name is derived from the Spanish term platina, meaning “little silver”.[3][4]

Platinum is a member of the platinum group of elements and group 10 of the periodic table of elements. It has six naturally occurring isotopes. It is one of the rarer elements in Earth’s crust, with an average abundance of approximately 5 μg/kg. It occurs in some nickel and copper ores along with some native deposits, mostly in South Africa, which accounts for 80% of the world production. Because of its scarcity in Earth’s crust, only a few hundred tonnes are produced annually, and given its important uses, it is highly valuable and is a major precious metal commodity.

Platinum is one of the least reactive metals. It has remarkable resistance to corrosion, even at high temperatures, and is therefore considered a noble metal. Consequently, platinum is often found chemically uncombined as native platinum. Because it occurs naturally in the alluvial sands of various rivers, it was first used by pre-Columbian South American natives to produce artifacts. It was referenced in European writings as early as 16th century, but it was not until Antonio de Ulloa published a report on a new metal of Colombian origin in 1748 that it began to be investigated by scientists.

Platinum is used in catalytic converters, laboratory equipment, electrical contacts and electrodesplatinum resistance thermometersdentistry equipment, and jewelry. Being a heavy metal, it leads to health problems upon exposure to its salts; but due to its corrosion resistance, metallic platinum has not been linked to adverse health effects.[5] Compounds containing platinum, such as cisplatinoxaliplatin and carboplatin, are applied in chemotherapy against certain types of cancer

Physical[edit]

Pure platinum is a lustrous, ductile, and malleable, silver-white metal.[7] Platinum is more ductile than goldsilver or copper, thus being the most ductile of pure metals, but it is less malleable than gold.[8][9] The metal has excellent resistance to corrosion, is stable at high temperatures and has stable electrical properties. Platinum does oxidize, forming PtO2, at 500 °C; this oxide can be easily removed thermally.[10] It reacts vigorously with fluorine at 500 °C (932 °F) to form platinum tetrafluoride.[11] It is also attacked by chlorinebromineiodine, and sulfur. Platinum is insoluble in hydrochloric and nitric acid, but dissolves in hot aqua regia (nitric acid hydrochloride), to form chloroplatinic acid, H2PtCl6.[12]

Its physical characteristics and chemical stability make it useful for industrial applications.[13] Its resistance to wear and tarnish is well suited to use in fine jewellery 

Silver May Rise Quickly Once Triggered

 

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Analysts who are bullish on silver in 2018 have a variety of reasons for their thinking, but many have mentioned that they see the white metal following gold on an upward trajectory.
For instance, TD Securities analysts said in their 2018 Global Outlook that “underperforming silver is set to shine as gold improves amid still low real rates, firm demand, weak supply and higher [volatility].” They expect silver to average $18.50 over the first half of 2018, and $19.25 in the second half of the year.
Bart Melek, the firm’s head of commodity strategy, noted that prices for both gold and silver are expected to increase over the next 12 months because “we don’t think the Fed is going to be anywhere near as hawkish as its statements are indicating.” TD Securities also sees investors using precious metalsas a hedge if equities continue to stay in record territory.
In a November interview, Frank Holmes of US Global Investors (NASDAQ:GROW) also suggested that silver could follow gold upward. He said, “when gold goes to $1,350 per ounce you’ll get a quantum leap in silver. Silver always has sort of a catch up, and all of a sudden it’s the best-performing [metal].”
Similarly, Frank Basa, president and CEO of Castle Silver Resources (TSXV:CSR), said “silver’s price is likely to move higher along with gold as the US currency loses its position in the world market.”

Silver outlook 2018: Supply

In terms of supply, the silver market is expected to remain in a fundamental surplus for the third year in a row in 2018, with an excess of about 70 million ounces, according to Precious Metals Investment Focus 2017/2018. Mine output is expected to rise marginally in 2018, and a recovery in recycling will see total supply record its first annual increase in four years. Metals Focus estimates that total silver supply for all of 2018 will be 1,045 million ounces.

Not everyone agrees with that forecast, however. Maria Smirnova, senior portfolio manager at Sprott Asset Management, said earlier this year that the world will see a deficit of 50 million ounces of silver over the next three years as mine output declines.
“We’re just not seeing silver discoveries. We’re not seeing a lot of viable future mines in silver. It’s a problem, and that’s what reinforces our positive view on the silver price,” she explained.
Smirnova, who manages the Sprott Silver Equities Class mutual fund, noted that it is harder to find an economic gold deposit than it is to find an economic silver deposit given current prices, and therefore there has been “huge underinvestment” in the silver industry.
She said a decline in discoveries and future mines coming online has meant that more companies are choosing not to focus solely on silver. For example, Silver Wheaton recently changed its name to Wheaton Precious Metals (TSX:WPM,NYSE:WPM) after making a series of gold investments.
Nevertheless, companies focused primarily on silver do exist, and some are making strides. Americas Silver (TSX:USA) CFO Warren Varga said, “we’re very excited looking into next year.” The company began processing ore from its San Rafael silver-zinclead mine in Mexico in September, and commercial production is expected by the end of 2017.
Varga added that the company expects to do more drilling at the 120 zone deposit contiguous to San Rafael and said, “we’re looking forward to seeing results from that drill program in 2018. [It] should be done within the first half, and we should be able to get results out to the market before summertime.”
Looking at demand, Metals Focus says that silver bar and coin demand is seen recovering in 2018. Meanwhile, demand for silver in jewelry and silverware is expected to grow, but price increases in countries such as India will mean gains will be modest.
Industrial offtake is forecast to grow by 2 percent in 2018 and should reach an all-time high on rising demand from the solar and automotive sectors. Demand for silver in solar panels is expected to increase due to the Chinese National Energy Administration’s goal of increasing capacity by 110 gigawatts between 2016 and 2020.
Overall, Ron Tremblay, President and CEO at Levon Resources (TSX:LVN) said he sees the market improving for silver in 2018. He added that investors should “be patient [because] this market will turn.”
For his part, Nicholas Konkin, marketing and communications at Golden Arrow Resources (TSXV:GRG), believes that the silver market is “definitely showing signs of appreciation,” and presents an “interesting buying opportunity for investors to get into the market and position themselves. When the silver market does in fact go up, it will go up in a hurry, and you want to be ready.”

You Need To Know What The Semicolon Tattoo REALLY Stands For.

 

If You See Someone With a Semicolon Tattoo, This Is What It Means

Punctuation helps you say exactly what you mean, but few think of it as more than a way to pause or end a sentence. But to thousands affected by suicide, the semicolon has become an important signifier of survival.

Thanks to Amy Bleuel, the often misunderstood symbol has morphed from a simple punctuation mark to a badge of pride for those who struggle with depression, suicide, addiction, anxiety, and self-injury.

Bleuel, who died by suicide in 2017, started the nonprofit movement Project Semicolon in April 2013 to honor her father, who took his own life, and to give voice to her fight with mental illness. The idea was to encourage anyone who has been through a similar experience to draw a semicolon on their body, photograph it, and share it on a given day to encourage love and to inspire.

Semicolon tattoos are everywhere: on wrists, behind ears, above ankle bones, and more.

According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration’s 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 9.8 million seriously thought about committing suicide. This is a separate number from those who have a mental illness, as the two are not always related.

And that’s exactly what the semicolon tattoo is working to change—the stigma around suicide

Just as the mark is a sign for readers to pause before continuing a sentence, participants have embraced the symbol as a reminder that their story isn’t over yet—and that they should tell it.

The brave, honest accounts these tattoos have inspired brought a community together and endow members with the kind of pride that is capable of breaking down stigma.

What’s more, the tattoo has encouraged people to demand recognition for and discussion about illnesses that often skate by under the radar because they are invisible.

Ink has always been a conversation starter, and the semicolon emblem is no different. It’s an opportunity for survivors, those who battle every day, and even supporters to talk to those unacquainted with suicide.

I never would of thought that this could be an out cry for help or even used to label suicide.

What Moves Gold Prices?

 

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The price of gold is moved by a combination of supply, demand, and investor behavior. That seems simple enough, yet the way those factors work together is sometimes counterintuitive. For instance, many investors think of gold as an inflation hedge. That has some common-sense plausibility, as paper money loses value as more is printed, while the supply of gold is relatively constant. As it happens, mining doesn’t add much year to year.

Correlation to Inflation

Two economists, Claude B. Erb, of the National Bureau of Economic Research, and Campbell Harvey, a professor at Duke University’s Fuqua School of Business, have studied the price of gold in relation to several factors. It turns out that gold doesn’t correlate well to inflation. That is, when inflation rises, it doesn’t mean that gold is necessarily a good bet.

So, if inflation isn’t driving the price, is fear? Certainly, during times of economic crisis investors flock to gold. When the Great Recession hit, gold prices rose. But gold was already rising until the beginning of 2008, nearing $1,000 an ounce before falling under $800 and then bouncing back and rising as the stock market bottomed out. That said, gold prices kept rising even as the economy recovered. The price of gold peaked in 2011 at $1,921, and has been on a slide ever since. It now trades around $1,300 (as of end-April 2018).

In their paper, titled The Golden Dilemma, Erb and Harvey note that gold has positive price elasticity. That essentially means that, as more people buy gold, the price goes up, in line with demand. It also means there isn’t any underlying ‘fundamental’ to the price of gold. If investors start flocking to gold, the price rises no matter what the monetary policy might be. That doesn’t mean that this is completely random or the result of herd behavior. There are forces that affect the supply of gold in the wider market – and gold is a worldwide commodity market, like oil or coffee.

Supply

Unlike oil or coffee, however, gold isn’t consumed. Almost all the gold ever mined is still around. There is some industrial use for gold, but that hasn’t increased demand as much as jewelry or investment. The World Gold Council’s 2017 figures show that total demand was 4,071 tons, with only 332.8 tons going to the tech sector. The rest was investment, at 371.4 tons, jewelry, at 2,135.5 tons, bar and coin demand of 1,029.2 tons, and ETFs et al, at 202.8 tons. Back in 2001, when gold prices were nearing all-time lows (at least since ownership of bullion was re-legalized in the 70s), jewelry accounted for 3,009 tons, while investment was at 357 tons, and tech required 363 tons of gold.

If anything, one would expect the price of gold to drop over time, since there is more and more of it around. So, why doesn’t it? Aside from the number of people who might want to buy it constantly on the rise, the jewelry and investment demand offer some clues. As Peter Hug, director of global trading at Kitco, said, “It ends up in a drawer someplace.” The jewelry is effectively taken off the market for years at a time.

Even though in countries like India and China gold can act as a store of value, the people who buy it there don’t regularly trade it; few pay for a washing machine by handing over a gold bracelet. Jewelry demand tends to rise and fall with the price of gold. When prices are high, the demand for jewelery falls relative to investor demand.

Central Banks

Hug says the big market movers are often central banks. In times when foreign exchange reserves are large, and the economy is humming along, a central bank will actually want to reduce the amount of gold it holds. That’s because the gold is a dead asset – unlike bonds, or even money in a deposit account, it generates no return.

The problem for central banks is that this is precisely when the other investors out there aren’t that interested in gold. Thus, a central bank is always on the wrong side of the trade, even though selling that gold is precisely what the bank is supposed to do. As a result, the price of gold falls.

Central banks have since tried to manage their gold sales in a cartel-like fashion, to avoid disrupting the market too much. Something called the Washington Agreement essentially states that the banks won’t sell more than 400 metric tons in a year. It’s not binding, as it’s not a treaty; rather, it’s more of a gentleman’s agreement – but one that is in the interests of central banks, since unloading too much gold on the market at once would negatively affect their portfolios.

One exception is China. The Chinese central bank has been a net buyer of gold, and that could be putting some upward pressure on the price. The price of gold has still fallen, though, so even Chinese buying has at most slowed the decline.

ETFs

Besides central banks, exchange traded funds (ETFs) – such as the SPDR Gold Shares (GLD) and iShares Gold Trust (IAU), which allow investors to buy into gold without buying mining stocks – are now major gold buyers and sellers. Both offer shares in bullion, and measure their holdings in ounces of gold. The SPDR ETF currently holds approximately 9,600 ounces, while the iShares ETF has some 5,300. Still, these ETFs are designed to reflect the price of gold, not move it.

Portfolio Considerations

Speaking of portfolios, Hug said a good question for investors is what the rationale for buying gold is. As a hedge against inflation, it doesn’t work well, but seen as a piece of a portfolio, it’s a reasonable diversifier. It’s simply important to recognize what it can and cannot do.

In real terms, gold prices topped out in 1980, when the price of the metal hit nearly $2,000 per ounce (in 2014 dollars). Anyone who bought gold then has been losing money since. On the other hand, the investors who bought it in 1983 or 2005 would be happy selling now, even with recent price drops. It’s also worth noting that the ‘rules’ of portfolio management apply to gold as well. The total number of gold ounces one holds should fluctuate with the price. If one wants 2% of the portfolio in gold, then it’s necessary to sell when the price goes up and buy when it falls.

Retaining Value

One good thing about gold: it does retain value. Erb and Harvey compared the salary of Roman soldiers 2,000 years ago to what a modern soldier would get, based on how much those salaries would be in gold. Roman soldiers were paid 2.31 ounces of gold per year, while centurions got 35.58 ounces.

Assuming $1,600 per ounce, a Roman soldier got the equivalent of $3,704 per year, while a U.S. Army private in 2011 got $17,611. So a U.S. Army private gets about 11 ounces of gold (at current prices). That’s an investment growth rate of about 0.08% over approximately 2,000 years.

A centurion (roughly equivalent to a captain) got $61,730 per year, while a U.S. army captain gets $44,543 – 27.84 ounces at the $1,600 price, or 37.11 ounces at $1,200. The rate of return is –0.02% per annum – essentially zero.

The conclusion Erb and Harvey have arrived at is that the purchasing power of gold has stayed quite constant and largely unrelated to the current price.

The Bottom Line

If you’re looking at gold prices, it’s probably a good idea to look at how well the economies of certain countries are doing. As economic conditions worsen, the price will (usually) rise. Gold is a commodity that isn’t tied to anything else; in small doses, it makes a good diversifying element for a portfolio.

 

The Meaning and History of Ruby

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“A drop of the heart’s blood of Mother Earth” is how the ruby is described in the Orient. The Indians call the ruby Ratnanayaka, the lord of the gemstones. The Hindus called the ruby the king of precious stones and the leader of gems. They used to divide rubies into castes, much like social classes. Rubies were sorted into upper class, middle class, and lower class in terms of flawlessness and beauty. Much like today’s exclusive county clubs and their upper-class clientele, no inferior Ruby was allowed contact with a superior one because it was believed the inferior one would contaminate the better one, thereby diminishing its magical powers. In India, those who donated rubies to honor Krishna were assured being reborn as an emperor in a future life. Hindus consider light colored rubies to be appropriate for women, and darker rubies to be appropriate for menElaborate ruby earrings have been a popular jewelry choice in India for centuries. In China, a Mandarin’s rank was indicated by the color of the stone in his ruby ring. A red jewel stone meant he was a key figure among the great. In the 1880’s, French jewelers called the ruby the gem of gems or the dearly loved stone.                                                                                                The name ruby comes from the Latin word ruber, which means red. It is favorite gem among those in power and those in love, inspiring more emotion than almost any other stone. Some ancient cultures believed that rubies, as well as other gemstones, grew on trees, just like fruit. The rubies would begin budding as small white gems, and would slowly grow and ripen, turning red in the light of the sun. When the ruby was saturated with red color, it was ready to be plucked.                                                                                                                                      Ruby is deemed to be the most precious of gemstones by the Bible and the ancient Sanskrit writings. Indeed, upon discovery of each Ruby crystal, the Indian Emperor would give a special royal welcome to this King of Gemstones.     Rubies throughout time have been said to have many positive effects and mystical properties. The ruby is associated with the sun, and was thought to preserve mental and physical health. In the middle ages, rubies were viewed as a stone of prophecy. It was thought the stone darkened when danger was near. Ivan the Terrible of Russia stated that rubies were good for the heart, brain and memory. A Thirteenth Century prescription to cure liver problems called for powdered ruby. In the 15th-16th Centuries, rubies were thought to counteract poison. When rubbed on the skin, they were also thought to restore youth and vitality.                                                                                                              For thousands of years, Ruby was considered the stone of love, energy, passion, power, and a zest for life. Like no other gemstone in the world, Ruby is the perfect symbol for powerful feelings. The other important element of Ruby besides fire is blood, and Ruby is said to restore vital life forces and increase energy and vigor. Ruby is also known as the stone of courage, and legend tells us that a person possessing a ruby can walk through life without fear of evil or misfortune.                                                                                                                 Physically, rubies are thought to energize and balance, stimulate heart chakra and encourage a passion for life, but never in a self destructive way. They overcome exhaustion and calm hyperactivity. They detoxify the body and blood, and treat fevers, diseases, and restricted blood flow. They are good for the heart and circulatory system and stimulate the adrenals, kidneys, reproductive organs and spleen.                                                                                           Emotionally, it is believed that rubies improve motivation and the setting of goals. They promote positive dreams and clear visualization and aid in retaining wealth and passion. They bring up negative anger in order for change and removal. They also promote dynamic leadership. They bring a positive and courageous state of mind- one that is sharp, hyper aware and concentrated. They make you stronger during times of controversy or dispute and shield against physical attack. A ruby is also said to be a settler of disputes, having the power of reconciliation. A ruby is dynamic, and brings about passion and enthusiasm, attracting sexual activity.                                                                                  Any jewelry that carries a Ruby signifies so much passion and love between two people, that it makes Ruby an ideal choice for engagement or Valentine’s Day jewelry. Furthermore, Ruby is the gemstone to be given on the 15th and 40th wedding anniversaries.                                                                                                         The uplifting and vital nature of Ruby is an encouragement to live fully, and embrace the joy of life that is missing in many people’s lives. Ruby allows the fire of passion and love to advance. It helps to bring down the walls we build around us to keep others out.                                                                                               Ruby is extremely rare and one of the most valuable precious gemstones in nature. It offers breathtaking color, ranging from brownish red to light red similar to ripe raspberries, excellent hardness second only to a diamond, and irresistible brilliance. The color of ruby is accompanied by a marked fluorescence, which is stimulated by natural and artificial light making rubies turn brighter red under such light. The color is ruby’s most important attribute, while its transparency is secondary. It is almost impossible to find a ruby of finer quality over 3 carats in size, therefore, minor inclusions are deemed acceptable and most ruby jewelry is made with stones under 3 carats. In fact, inclusions within a ruby are like fingerprints, proving its authenticity and revealing the beauty and the individuality of each stone.                       Traditionally, India was considered to be the source of all rubies, as testified by an overwhelming collection of literature for over two thousand years. The highest quality rubies, the most transparent with the best color, are usually from Burma, and can actually be as valuable as diamonds, or even more so. The ruby is actually very closely related to the sapphire, both being part of the corundum family. They are both made of the same mineral, but are of course, different colors. The ruby is a little softer than the sapphire, which may seem strange as they are both made of the same mineral, however nature never makes each gem in a mineral family the same.                                                         The most rare, highly valued ruby is the star ruby, which is also called pigeon or dove blood because its color resembles the blood of a pigeon or dove. It is a deep pure red with a hint of bluish purple, and is the most sought after shade. Inside of the ruby is what appears to be a star, a six-ray star with perfect symmetry. The center of the star moves when the stone is moved. It is usually found in smaller stones, of weights less than three carats. A perfect star ruby is very rare. Sometimes, the stone is flawed, or too cloudy, or the six points of the star are vague or unequal. Star rubies are usually given a mixed cut, which is generally oval, but can be round, or other shapes as well.                                       Although the finest rubies come from the Mogok region in Burma, many beautiful rubies also come from Thailand, today’s main source for rubies. Thai rubies tend to be a little darker in shade, with a red so deep they are almost violet. The island of Ceylong, which is the “island of gems“, has also been long famous for it’s rubies, which are of a lighter shade. Marco Polo once said that no other place had rubies as beautiful as those from Ceylon. Rubies also come from India, Tanzania, Madagascar, Russia, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Kenya, Mexico, Afghanistan, and North Carolina and Pakistan. Pakistan provides rubies of excellent color, only with less frequency than from Mogok.                                        Since rubies are so hard and durable, they are easy to care for, however it is not recommended to wear a ruby if you are doing any sort of rough work or are using harsh chemicals. Rubies should be stored in a fabric-lined box, away from other pieces of jewelry, as they may scratch other, softer gemstones. When it is time to clean them, you can use soapy water and a brush, or a commercial jewelry cleanser. It is important to rinse the stone thoroughly and dry it, after cleaning it. If you take care of your ruby, it will stay with you, and retain its beauty for many years to come.